Buckwheat is rightfully considered not only tasty, but also healthy, and therefore is widely used for cooking cereals and other dishes. But in other countries it is in one way or another in demand – what is not made of it, from noodles to delicious pastries!
- Buckwheat does not need special care during ripening, gives an excellent harvest even without fertilizers, and itself successfully copes with weeds that simply cannot grow next to it.
- Buckwheat is one of the few plants that does not lend itself to genetic modification. Therefore, GMO varieties of this plant simply do not exist, unlike the widespread GMO soybeans (interesting facts about soy).
- In India and China, it is believed that with the help of buckwheat it is possible to influence biological points in the body, therefore, for the prevention of various diseases, it is advised to walk on a rug on which this cereal is scattered.
- For the first time, people began to cultivate buckwheat fields in the immediate vicinity of the place of its wild growth – in Southeast Asia. It happened more than six thousand years ago.
- In Europe, buckwheat is grown mainly for the honey produced by bees living in buckwheat fields. Buckwheat honey is the sweetest and healthiest, it is an irreplaceable effective natural remedy for colds and flu.
- In terms of the content of essential amino acids, buckwheat protein is close to animal products, and therefore is considered an equivalent substitute for meat. At the same time, buckwheat is absorbed much better.
- After eating buckwheat porridge, the blood sugar level rises slowly, and not abruptly, as with the use of other carbohydrate-containing foods (interesting facts about sugar).
- Buckwheat is part of the national cuisine of Japan. It is there that buckwheat soba noodles are made from buckwheat. Although now it is popular in other Asian countries.
- After frying, buckwheat becomes much tastier, acquiring a pronounced pleasant aftertaste.
- China is the world leader in buckwheat cultivation. True, they prefer to drink this cereal in the form of tea and decoctions, and not eat it.
- Buckwheat cannot be mixed with sugar. Unfortunately, sugar negates all of its beneficial properties.
- Buckwheat is a low-yielding culture. It gives from 0.4 to 1 ton of yield per hectare, while rice yields on average 6 tons of centners per hectare, and in rice-growing countries this figure can grow up to 15 tons (interesting facts about rice).
- 100 grams of “raw” buckwheat contains about 340 calories. But in boiled form – just over a hundred.
- The concentration of vitamins and minerals in buckwheat is 1.5-3 times higher than any other cereals.
- Buckwheat does not belong to the cereal family at all. Its closest biological relatives are rhubarb and sorrel.
- Buckwheat came to Europe from Asia in the Middle Ages with the Crusaders (interesting facts about the Middle Ages).
- Raw buckwheat seeds are deep green and pyramid-shaped.
- Buckwheat seeds ground into coarse flour are used to make pancakes and noodles.
- It is believed that if buckwheat is well ripened and properly dried, then a thousand grains will weigh exactly 20 grams.
- Buckwheat contains three of the eight essential amino acids for the body – threonine, lysine, tryptophan.
- It has been proven that the consumption of buckwheat porridge leads to an improvement in the psycho-emotional state, brain function and increased mood.
- Sprouts of green buckwheat are very useful, which is easy to sprout at home, and then add to salads and soups.
- buckwheat was very cheap, about half the price of wheat. Therefore, all segments of the population could afford buckwheat porridge.
- In Greece, buckwheat is called Turkish grain, and in Germany – beech nuts.
- Vladimir Gilyarovsky, describing the life of , mentioned the popular buckwheat – something between a pancake and a pie. Raw eggs were added to the viscous buckwheat porridge, laid out on a baking sheet and baked.
- After Shrovetide there will be a great fast before Easter. Of course, not everyone is fasting. But when we give up animal proteins, we consume foods rich in plant vitamins and proteins.
- I decided to write about delicious, nutritious, healthy, dietary buckwheat. In general, about what buckwheat is useful for.
For the first time buckwheat appeared in the Himalayas. Buckwheat was cultivated 6 thousand years ago, it was grown in Southeast Asia. Already from Southeast Asia, buckwheat was brought to Central Asia and Europe, and then to China, Tibet. Buckwheat came to Russia from Greece, so buckwheat got this name. Buckwheat about 2 thousand years ago was a favorite culture among the Slavs.
In Russia, buckwheat was considered the basis of good health. It was eaten with cabbage soup, pancakes were baked from buckwheat flour, buckwheat was also eaten with milk. Today Russia is the leader in buckwheat cultivation. Moreover, buckwheat culture is unpretentious, it is not afraid of weeds, pesticides are not used when growing buckwheat, and perhaps it is one of the few products that has not yet undergone genetic modification, which is why buckwheat is especially useful in our time.
Raw buckwheat has a gray-greenish color. Buckwheat turns brown after heat treatment, that is, after roasting.
Why buckwheat is useful
The energy value of buckwheat is 290 Kcal per 100 grams of product. Buckwheat dishes are not only tasty, but also healthy. Buckwheat contains vitamins such as B1, B2, B6, P, PP, E, as well as proteins, fats, carbohydrates, starch. Moreover, buckwheat contains much less carbohydrates than other cereals. Buckwheat also contains iodine, iron, phosphorus, calcium, potassium, nickel, zinc, cobalt, manganese, fluorine.
Most importantly, buckwheat is a valuable source of iron for our body. Due to the fact that buckwheat contains phosphorus, copper and iron, the use of buckwheat restores hemoglobin in the blood. Buckwheat contains a lot of protein, in terms of its content, buckwheat is second only to legumes, and can easily replace meat (at least for the period of fasting). Buckwheat proteins are very well absorbed by our body.
It is recommended to eat buckwheat dishes for hypertension, kidney disease, edema, for the prevention of atherosclerosis, buckwheat strengthens the cardiovascular system, strengthens blood vessels, buckwheat is useful for the intestines with constipation, buckwheat cleanses the intestines from toxins, from toxins, prevents pancreatic diseases glands and digestive tract, buckwheat also helps to lower cholesterol.
You can prepare various dishes from buckwheat. Porridge, soups, Greek people, pancakes made from buckwheat flour, pancakes, for example, buckwheat with milk, an original Russian dish. And in order for your buckwheat porridge to be crumbly, you need to take, for example, 1 glass of buckwheat and 2 glasses of water, cook over low heat, it is not recommended to open the lid of the pan during cooking. When buckwheat is cooked, set it aside and cover with a towel. And in order for buckwheat to be boiled, you need to take 1 glass of buckwheat, 3 glasses of water.
Before the onset of spring, diets are very relevant. The buckwheat diet is a mono diet. You just need to eat buckwheat throughout the day, without salt and sugar, the diet is designed for a week. To do this, in the evening, pour 1 glass of buckwheat with 2 glasses of boiling water and cover, in the morning you can eat. The body is cleansed, excess fluid is removed, the intestines are cleansed of toxins and toxins, edema goes away. This is another side of what buckwheat is useful for.